Posts Tagged mecca

The Qur’an: Introduction Part 1

The Qur’an is a book of no doubt. And Allah has told us that, but not just told us, but has confirmed that it is the book of no doubt. This means whatever this book contains, is for the better for human kind and is ultimately the truth. And this is the exact sentence from the second Surah (Chapter) of the Qur’an, Surah Bakarah, verse 2: “This is the book; In it is guidance sure, without doubt, To those who fear God.” (Abdullah Yusuf Ali Translation). Let’s look at this verse closely. “This is the Book.” It is not just any book, but “the” book. One book, specifically.If you asked for the Bible, the person who you’d have asked would reply, “Which one?” because there are so many versions of the bible. It just goes to show how corrupted the Bible has become. How can you have a holy book with different versions, and still be the word of God when half of it is written by man? (I mean no offence to any Christians reading).Allah doesn’t do anything in vain. Not one word of the Qur’an has Allah sent down upon us in vain. And Allah has reassured us by saying, “In it is guidance sure, without doubt.” This book contains guidance, and the guidance is surely without doubt, as it created by the Most High, Most Wise, Allah.“To those who fear God.” When we hear the word fear, we commonly think of being scared of something. Although we do fear Allah in this way, the fear of Allah goes much further. If you fear the king, you won’t kill his game. If you fear Allah, you will not commit sins. I am not trying to say we cannot commit sins, because we inevitably will. It is human nature to do so. Whether we do it intentionally, or without realising it we should always ask for forgiveness, because Allah loves those who asks. And do not despair, because Allah has mentioned many a time in the Qur’an that he is “… oft forgiving, Most Merciful.” Hopes the thing that keeps us going. Despair is a ploy of the devil. Anyway, Allah finds ways to be merciful towards humankind, because his “Mercy overcomes his anger“, just like children would try to find excuses because they forgot their homework. Also Allah loves those who fear Allah whence alone. This is because….Say you had some sweets and you were alone, and you had to divide then equally between yourself and a friend. If you fear Allah you would be honest, and if you don’t you’d pocket a few. Fearing Allah is part of your Iman as it says in Al-Bakarah, Verse 2.

One part of Iman or your level of faith/closeness to Allah and Islam is believing in the Qur’an among other things. As it says in Al-Bakarah, Verse 4: “And who believe in the revelation Sent to thee, And sent before thy time, And (in their hearts) have the assurance of the Hereafter.”

We can’t be a Muslim if we don’t believe in the Qur’an. But the Qur’an is a book that will stay with humans till the end of time, and is the last revelation revealed through the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). This means we don’t just believe in the book, but we also believe in what the book contains. Also, not a word of the original text of the Qur’an has been changed since it was revealed. You can pick up as many Qur’an’s as you want, and they’ll all be the same. Note: The Qur’an was revealed in the Arabic language and it will only be exactly the same in the Arabic text. Translations may not be the same, but because the Qur’an cannot be understood and sometimes can be misinterpreted, footnotes will always or normally be with translation in a different language, and will always agree on the same thing, i.e. you will always understand it the same. You do get books called Tafseer and these books contain extreme in depth analysis of the Qur’an, which still can’t be fully understood with these books to help. The Qur’an is a book that will reveal to you more each time you read it, even if it is the same text.

We can’t be a true Muslim if we don’t believe in the revelations sent before the Qur’an. We cannot believe in what those books contain now, because they have been corrupted, but if the books were in their original format then we could. But because times have changed, the Bible’s or Torah’s tackling with everyday life such as law and society cannot be impute into today’s modern era. This is because the Bible was supposed to be believed in for a certain period of time before the revelation of the Qur’an. The difference between the Qur’an and the previous revelations are that the Quranic law – if followed properly – will produce a stable, God fearing community, whilst the Biblical law and the law of the other revelations would have provided what the Qur’an can provide for us now only in that specific period of time it was meant to be followed for before another revelation came. Notice how I put “can” instead of “is” because we have so veered of the right path that we have started making or own worldly laws, which in any case will never provide what the Qur’an can provide for us. And even if the Shariah law is put into place, it is always not upheld properly, and there are various other reasons why it is not stable, reasons which I’m not going to mention here.
The 7th-16th century Muslim empires were stable, because the Shariah law was upheld properly. This provided a united community, which is the basis of all civilisations and empires. The Muslim civilization and empires started to decline because we started veering and NOT FOLLOWING ALLAH’S LAW, stated for us in the Qur’an and shown to us through the Sunnah (what the Prophet Muhammad showed us).
Believing in the hereafter is a major part in a Muslims life, but that we shall discuss some other time.

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The Qur’an – Where? Part 2

Picture 1: Ancient Map created by Muslim geographer Al-Idrisi with south at the top
Picture 2: Another ancient map by Al-Idrisi – Mid 11th century

Picture 3: Picture of Mecca and the Kaabah housing around 1 million muslims

As we have read in part 1, the Qur’an al-Hakim is the book of no doubt. Now we are going to read why Allah chose Makkah to be where he sent the last prophet Muhammad (SAW) and why Allah chose to reveal the Qur’an here.
Makkah is considered to be the centre of the world by Allah. Now if Allah considers this, there must be some truth to it.
In the time of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and before his time, Makkah was the centre of worshiping Allah. All the Prophets of Allah have visited Makkah once in their lifespan. Now Makkah started to become inhabited by the Arabs after the Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) left his wife Hajira (PBUHer) and baby son Ishmael (PBUH) at the site of the well of ZAM ZAM, by the will of Allah. From there after Hazrat Ishmael grew up, him and his farther built the Kaabah under the command of Allah. From then on the Kaabah became a site of worship, but when Hazrat Ibrahim and Ishmael and their followed passed away, through the passage of time it became a place of idol worship. And because of this, it was the centre of trade and prosperity, for people from all over Arabia came here to worship the Idols. So Makkah was a well known trade route then making it an ideal place to reveal the Qur’an and send the last Prophet Muhammad (SAW), because people from all over Arabia and beyond would come there, embrace Islam and leave to spread the word of truth to the world.

Makkah is also geographically the centre of the world. Muslims were one of the first to make accurate maps of the world and when they drew their maps, they placed south at the top. In that way, Makkah was the centre of the world, and still is, even though the poles have been swapped around.
Around the time of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) there were two superpowers. One being Rome and the other being Persia (present day Iran). These two empires were extravagant and stretched all over Asia, Africa and Europe. At this time, Makkah and Arabia were inhabited by tribes, often warring with each other. The ironic thing is, none of the two superpowers thought Arabia worthy of being part of their empire. In this way, Makkah and Arabia were free, each clan having their own rules and laws. This meant that no influence from these two superpowers could have been part of the Prophet, and this also meant that big scholars and their literature, their sciences and advancements couldn’t have been any part of the Qur’an which contains numerous scientific miracles, that have only been discovered in recent times. This just straightens the fact that the Qur’an is the word of Allah, and was not written by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), who was in fact unlettered.

I am going to conclude with saying that there is Hikmat (undoubted truth) in whatever decision Allah has ever made. But it might not be apparent at first. Mashallah.

Picture 1:http://www.hs.ias.edu/islamicworld/islamic_map_1154_ad.jpg

Picture 2:http://www.sfusd.k12.ca.us/schwww/sch618/Travelers/Idrisimap.gif

Picture 3: http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/islam/images/makkah1.jpg

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